Water Conditioning Basics:

What is a Water Softener?

By removing calcium, magnesium, and other trace minerals from water, it becomes "softer". We will go over the primary components of a water softener, how it works, and the benefits it offers.

Water Softener Overview

A water softener is made up of three primary components:

  • Control Valve – determines when regeneration is necessary, the direction of water flow and the amount of time spent in each cycle
  • Pressure Tank – holds the resin that exchanges sodium for hardness minerals and is under water line pressure
  • Salt Tank or Cabinet – holds the salt that makes the brine solution used to regenerate the softening resin

Simplisoft water feels better and can save you up to $480 per year.

Simplisoft water feels better and can save you up to $480 per year.

How Does a Water Softener Work?

A water softener removes calcium and magnesium through a process called ion exchange:

  • Untreated water flows through a bed of sodium-charged softening resin contained in a pressure tank
  • Hardness ions attach to the resin, exchanging with the harmless sodium ions
  • Eventually the resin contains only hardness minerals and has to be regenerated
  • The control valve monitors water usage and determines when to regenerate
  • The resin is backwashed to rinse away impurities
  • A strong brine solution is then drawn through the bed and hardness ions are exchanged for sodium ions
  • The hardness ions are then rinsed to the drain
  • The softener is now ready to soften again
Good

Xtreme 89 Downflow Series Water Softener - Our Economy Model

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Better

Xtreme 89 Series HE Upflow Water Softener - Reduced Salt & Waste Water

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Best

Xtreme 89 Series Upflow HTO Twin Tank - Softener + Carbon Filter

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Soft Water Benefits

Simplisoft products save you money

  • Natural gas and electric water heaters cost up to $100/year more to operate with hard water
  • Decreasing soap and cleaning product use by 50 percent saves as much as $90/year
  • Damaged clothing and fabric due to poor laundering can cost as much as $200/year
  • Damage to plumbing and appliances can cost as much as $90/year

Soft water feels better

  • Spot-free and film-free dishes and glassware
  • Uses 75 percent less soap
  • Cleaner, brighter, softer laundry
  • No hard water rings in sinks and tubs
  • Soft skin and silky hair